I) CONFLICTS in multi-cultural society of Pakistan
Gulalai Ismail – Aware Girls
Pakistan Pakistani society is a multicultural society. There are four provinces, seven tribal agencies, Northern Areas, and Pakistan occupied Kashmir. We have different languages, cultures, religious minorities, and different Islamic sects and different conflicts among these varying cultures, religions, and sects, which are described as following: A. Minorities
B. Sectarian Violence
C. Natural Resource Conflicts Balochistan is a rich province in natural resources and minerals. The local population called Baloch are of the view that their natural resources such that natural gas, oil and sea fort are exploited by the Federal Government mainly represented by Punjabis. Therefore, they are against Punjabi speaking people in the province, attack them, and even kill them. The Balochs have established its own liberation army for attacks on the law enforcing agencies and Punjabi speaking people.
D. Karachi Conflict A large number of population migrated from India to Pakistan after division of India in 1947. The people migrated from India are called “MUHAJIRs” (Immigrants). Karachi is an Industrial and business city. The people from other provinces have also migrated to this city for jobs and businesses. The second biggest population in the city is of Pashto speaking people “PAKHTOONs” form North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Both the populations are against each other, attack and kill each other with different intervals.
E. Islamic Militancy After fall of Soviet Union, the Islamic Militants focused on Afghanistan and gathered around the world to use Afghanistan as a hub for their activities and promote their agenda globally. After 9/11 incident US and NATO Forces entered Afghanistan under the Resolution of United Nations, started actions against Islamic Militants, and named them “Al-Qaida”. The Government of Afghanistan was run by local Militants called TALIBAN. The Government of Taliban was thrown away by US and NATO Forces. In a reaction, these local Militants started war against US and NATO forces in Afghanistan and further extended its activities to the North west Pakistan and shifted there focus to the tribal areas of North West Pakistan involving the local people especially young people in the name of Holy War(Jihad). Now a days, the situation has become worst in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan as the Millitants are destroying Girls’ Schools, Government Buildings, attack NGOs, and Music Centers, slaughter law enforcing personnel and those who have different point of view with them.